The Negative Effects of Radiotherapy on Mental Health

The Negative Effects of Radiotherapy on Mental Health
October 18, 2022
Author : Nandy

Many people are reluctant to undergo cancer treatment due to fears of its long-term health effects. There is still no cure for brain cancer, but many people with this condition live on for years after their diagnosis. If you have been diagnosed with brain cancer and are considering radiotherapy as part of your treatment plan, you may have wondered what effects it will have on your mental health. In this blog, we'll discuss some ways you can help improve your mental health if you're having difficulty coping with your situation.

Most of us believe that radiation treatments are safe. However, many people have suffered from post-radiation syndrome. It is a condition that occurs after exposure to high doses of ionizing radiation, usually brachytherapy, involving the implantation of radioactive seeds in the womb or chest cavity. This condition can lead to effects such as headaches, fatigue, and depression.

According to the NHS and World Health Organization research, 1 in 285 people in the UK is affected by cancer. The shocking statistic includes children, teenagers, and young adults. The treatment itself can often cause serious side effects. Those suffering from Radiotherapy should be aware of these potentially negative feelings that stem from suffering burns to their brain and nervous system.

People often hear the term radiotherapy and think of cancer. However, radiotherapy is a broader term that covers the treatment of a range of physical conditions with the use of radiation. The American Cancer Society uses the term Radiotherapy, while others refer to radiotherapy as x-ray therapy or beams. Nearly everyone who receives radiotherapy will experience some side effects, such as nausea or vomiting, after treatments. But many people feel that side effects are inevitable and can be forgotten once they start feeling better.

What is Radiotherapy?

Over the past few decades, Radiotherapy is employed as a treatment for cancers. It uses high-energy X-rays to destroy cancer cells without causing the spread. Radiotherapy is carried out using external beams or by surgically inserting a tiny radioactive source into the body, either of which may be used alone or in combination with other types of treatment.

process of radiotherapy

Radiotherapy has been used for over half a century to treat most types of cancer. It kills only the cancer cells and not the healthy tissue around them, so it does not damage healthy cells or nearby organs. Radiotherapy is often used after surgery that involves dissecting cancer cells. Radiotherapy destroys the remaining cancer cells in the body. Sometimes, radiotherapy is also used before surgery to shrink tumours before removal during surgery.

Radiotherapy may be used alone or in combination with surgery, chemotherapy, or other treatments. It is usually given in three phases:

1. Pre-radiation Preparation

This phase is done before the actual treatment. During this phase, you will have an X-ray examination, which will determine whether your body can tolerate the type of radiation that will be used during your next phase.

2. Radiotherapy

This phase consists of high doses of radiation delivered over several days or weeks, depending on your situation. Radiation may be directed to the tumour itself or it may be directed to nearby healthy tissue.

3. Post-tradition Check-up

After receiving radiotherapy, your doctor may recommend that you have a check-up to assess how well it worked and to make sure there are no side effects from the treatment.

Radiation can be delivered in several ways:

  • External Beam Radiotherapy (EBRT) involves positioning the patient in an area where high-energy photons can be directed at their tumour. The photons are highly focused light rays that are released from a machine called a linear accelerator, which accelerates electrons to make them more energetic.
  • Internal Beam Radiotherapy (IBR) involves positioning the patient with their tumour near the linear accelerator that delivers the Radiotherapy. The shape of the beam is adjusted to directly hit the tumour.

Side Effects of Radiotherapy

Radiotherapy uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells, which can have negative impacts too. It's often given to treat various types of cancer, including brain tumours, prostate cancer, and Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Radiotherapy can cause side effects because it can damage healthy cells as well as malignant ones. This can lead to long-term problems like infertility (for women) or heart disease (for men).

But there are some side effects that you should be aware of if you're getting Radiotherapy for your brain tumour. Here's what they are:

1. Changes in your immune system

Radiation may decrease your immune system's ability to fight off infections and diseases. This may cause you to get sick more often or have more serious symptoms when you do get sick.

2. Changes in your brain

Radiation can cause problems with thinking or memory. You may notice that you have trouble concentrating or remembering things. You may also find that you have more difficulty learning new information than before treatment starts.

3. Changes in your eyes

Radiotherapy can damage the retina and optic nerve, which are located at the back of your eye. This can lead to vision loss or blindness.

4. Nausea and vomiting

Radiation has been shown to cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and headaches in some patients who receive Radiotherapy for their brain tumours.

5. Headache

Radiotherapy can also trigger headaches in some people. These may be mild or severe, depending on how much radiation the patient receives over time.

6. Oral changes

Radiotherapy can also affect the mouth and throat area, causing dryness or irritation to these tissues. This can lead to sores and ulcers, which may cause pain or bleeding if they get irritated.

7. Loss of appetite

Radiotherapy can also cause a loss of appetite in some patients. This is more common in people who have received radiation treatment for their head and neck cancer than those with brain tumours.

8. Fatigue

Fatigue is a common side effect of radiation treatment. It can begin as soon as one week after treatment starts and may last for several months afterward. Fatigue may be caused by the loss of white blood cells, which are responsible for fighting infection and inflammation.

9. Pain

Pain is a common side effect of radiation treatment. It can begin as soon as one week after treatment starts and may last for several months afterward. The pain may be caused by damage to tissues in your body, including skin and muscle tissue in the area being treated, or by the effects of radiation on nearby nerves that control sensations in your skin.

10. Confusion

Radiation treatment can confuse some people, especially if they have an underlying mental illness such as anxiety or depression. If you experience confusion after Radiotherapy, talk to your doctor about treatment options that may help alleviate it.

process of radiotherapy

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Nandy

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2022-12-10 03:31:28
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