What is the Brookfield Reflective Model
April 06, 2024
Author : Frank Barnes

Everyone has to do critical self-reflection to study their thoughts, ideas and work. However, they can use the Brookfield Reflective Model for this. With this, you also learn about the types of lenses that will provide you with valuable help to make you understand all things from different perspectives and angles. Moreover, this web blog will answer every query you have. Whether you are searching for a proper definition, advantages, disadvantages or explanation of lenses, this web blog is all set to deliver information.

Furthermore, this web blog will look at the model of reflection developed by Stephen Brookfield. Therefore, it includes a brief look at his academic and personal life work as a part of a systematic series of articles relating to reflective practice or the Brookfield model of reflection example. Furthermore, it will then study his four-lens model of reflection and offer its pros and cons. Likewise, we will also present three alternatives to this model that will be presented. So, read this weblog till the end to get valuable insights into each lens precisely.

Alternatives to Brookfield
</p><p><h2>Brookfield Reflective Model: A Brief Explanation</h2>
</p><p><p><span style=The Brookfield Model of Reflection is a helpful tool that helps teachers or professors discover the value of their lessons through critical self-reflection. Therefore, Brookfield shows that critically reflective teachers make impressive teachers who are able to communicate their own intellectual voices to others in the most authentic way to get reflection paragraph writing help while teaching. Furthermore, when teachers reflect more and better, they are better able to accurately and reliably judge the method of evaluation, education, planning and design of learning plans and assignments and keep students’ issues. Therefore, It is imperative to carry out these key responsibilities with an essential evaluation from as many points of view as possible.

Brookfield's Model of Reflection

According to Brookfield, a teacher should learn and understand things from four different perspectives. He names these perspectives Brookfield's Lenses of Reflection. Therefore, it makes it a lot easier to assess the value of the teaching method. So, we will discuss these types of lenses one by one, with precise definitions.

Lens 1: The Autobiographical Lens

It is the first lens of the Brookfield Reflective Model and is also where a professor or teacher can discover pedagogical elements that must be adjusted or strengthened. Furthermore, the autobiographical lens helps teachers think from their experiences with students regarding their learning and education. Analyzing this learning and understanding experience will help to discover convictions and assumptions about what and how people learn. Parts of their pedagogy can be demonstrated through learning evaluations, books, personal outcomes, student feedback or other imperative techniques. Self-reflection is the basis of reflective teaching.

Activities Within The Autobiographical Viewpoint

  1. Advice
  2. Philosophy Of Learning And Teaching
  3. Teaching logs
  4. Recordings
  5. Teaching logs
  6. Audits

Lens 2: The Client's Lens

It is vital to go beyond reflection through the autobiographical lens. Furthermore, according to the Reflection model and its Brookfield model of reflection example, it is imperative that teachers learn and understand students’ experiences. Therefore, professors can do this through evaluations with scholars about teaching style, focus groups, test techniques and interviews. However, it will make their teaching more engaging and responsive. The scholar's lens also reveals whether any existing assumptions about power relationships must be adjusted and scholars' learning methods through feedback.

Activities Student’s Perspective

  1. In-class evaluations 
  2. Formal evaluations
  3. Letters
  4. Questionnaires
  5. Interviews 
  6. Focus Groups

Lens 3: The Co-Worker Lens

Good teachers are more focused on the primary two lenses. However, excellent ones will also work intensively with these procedures and engage with co-workers regarding mentoring, feedback, and advice. Additionally, teachers can boost their confidence through contact with other teachers while teaching a reflection paper. Moreover, it is because they discover that they are not alone in making weird blunders and that this is an experience shared with their equivalents. Likewise, teachers exchange experiences in the field of working in teams, taking part in workshops, seminars, peer reviews, or thinking about educational methods and theories. 

Activities Colleagues’ Experiences

  1. Collaborative problem solving
  2. Critical conversations and evaluations
  3. Learning circles

Lens 4: The Theoretical Lens

The fourth and last lens of the Brookfield Reflective Model for critical reflection in education involves the scholarly literature about higher education. Therefore, teachers who explore, showcase, or publish this literature have an advanced vocabulary and enough teaching techniques. Furthermore, both the scientific literature and colleagues help teachers.

Activities Theoretical Literature

  1. Professional journals
  2. Research
  3. Conferences

Advantages & Disadvantages of Brookfield's Model

Brookfield 1995 Brookfield model and Brookfield model of reflection example are effective tools for teachers to consider in their teaching techniques. Therefore, it can also help you make changes in your teaching pattern to teach students effectively. However, it has some pros and cons that you must consider.


Let’s first understand some of the imperative advantages of using the model.

Advantages of Brookfield
</p><p><h4>1. Promote Professional Growth</h4>
</p><p><p><span style=By using Brookfield’s lenses of reflection, teachers or professors can study their strengths and weaknesses. So, for this, you use reflective methods to improve professional development.

2. Scope for Innovation

Teachers have to keep track of lessons after teaching to get instant assignment help while teaching students. With this, note the positive challenges and experiences you tackle. Furthermore, it takes time to solve the issues by applying multiple methods. As a result, it leads to bright innovation.

3. Facilitates Ways to Teaching

When you use Brookfield's four lenses, you can ensure that every student's learning experience is excellent. This helps you learn and understand what interests students. Therefore, based on this, you can change your teaching style so that you can easily explain vital concepts to students.

4. Boosts Student-Teacher Relationship

Teachers value their bond with students. Therefore, the practice of the Brookfield Reflective Model helps them understand each other and leads to a positive relationship between students and teachers.


Just like every element has two individual sides similarly, the reflective model also has some disadvantages. Let’s check them out.

Disadvantages of Brookfield
</p><p><h4>1. Difficulty in Understanding Process</h4>
</p><p><p><span style=Not every teacher can understand the entire process of the model. Therefore, to examine your teaching technique, you have to use problem-solving and critical thinking, which can be quite difficult for some teachers.

2. Create Confusion for Aspect Reflection

The method and Brookfield model of reflection example can also cause a lot of confusion about which point to reflect on. Furthermore, every situation needs a different approach to deal with. So, if you do not know which technique to use in a specific circumstance, you will get confused.

3. Time-Consuming

Brookfield's Model of Reflection is a time-consuming process. Thus, to modify your teaching technique, you have to apply an approach that can take time if you are not familiar from the start.

Wrapping It Up!

We hope this web blog has helped you gain valuable insight into the Brookfield Reflective Model and four types of lenses. However, if you want customized assistance, you can get assistance from My Assignment services. Our professionals will give you the best services that lead to your desired grades. Therefore, we also provide a free revision to you so you can make sure that your academic coursework is unique and relevant to the topic. We understand most of the students have tight budgets to spend on their monthly expenses. Therefore, it is one of the primary reasons our every service comes under a very reasonable price. So, what are you waiting for? It’s time to grab this opportunity and lock in your desired grades. It’s time to get on the top!

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About the Author

Frank Barnes

Frank Barnes is a native of Canada and completed his education from the UK. He realised the importance of a good statement of purpose and its role in the admission process. Since then he has been aiding students online to write admission essays, statement of purposes, personal statements, etc. He was an offshore expert offering expert consultation to the students before moving to Sydney as the SOP Writing Head for My Assignment Services. Ensuring a success rate of 85%, Frank also writes blogs and articles to make the students aware of the SOP writing process.


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