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The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 13 “Climate actoin” exclaimed for crucial action to battle climate change and its influences. It focuses on reinforcing the resilience and versatile competency of nations to climate-associated hazards and natural disasters (Shrivastava et al., 2022). It is a fact that Ontario is not resistant to climate change. Therefore, forceful action is required to be taken before worsening things. With the climate change impacts on Ontario, there are more winter storms, heat waves, and more such things. In the absence of a reduction in GHGs (greenhouse gases), the average temperature in this community will increase by 3 to 8 degrees Celsius in the subsequent century (Scott et al., 2020).

The community of Ontario should respond to the climate change issues in the following manner:

  • Voices from Youth: The community might respond to climate change impacts by nurturing youth leaders demonstrating actions in training, competency development, and education. Moreover, it can be done by spreading communication, mentioning awareness, and increasing campaigns and resources. The community can participate in the voluntary campaign against climate change entailing academic sessions, training sessions, and realistic actions with an emphasis on reducing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The participants might attain abilities in leadership, project management, and communication while working collectively to deal with the issue of climate change (Rousell & Cutter-Mackenzie-Knowles, 2020).
  • Transportation: Communities indeed rely on secure, clean, and efficient transport systems to move individuals and products. Nevertheless, transportation accounts for over a quarter of the GHG releases in Ontario. Therefore, community people should take action by selecting more cleaner and sustainable transportation choices (Ridhosari & Rahman, 2020).
  • Selecting greener and reusable goods is further deemed a vital step when looking for methods to lessen the carbon footprint in the community. It can be done by refusing plastics wherever possible; choosing reusable goods; buying goods that will last; lessening packaging; and reducing food waste (Wang et al., 2020).

Possible barriers for communities to achieve the climate change SDG can include low capability of participants, and institutes. It can include restricted knowledge, shortage of climate information, lack of funds, and so on. There can be information and technology barriers that can be associated with the preciseness and timeliness of the climate change data attained by people and the strength to access technological services. Besides, there can be institutional barriers associated with unsound legislations and rules that typically indicate the event of insufficient policy execution efforts, absence of publicity and direction, and elite capture materials in the procedure of adaptation to climate change (Wang et al., 2020).

Lessons that emerged for me are as follows:

  • I learned that the existence of various barriers to achieving climate change SDG not only limits the capability of people or groups to recognize, evaluate, and manage climate change threats but also weakens their adaptation performance, postpones adaptation prospects, surges costs, and restrains the formation and execution of policies.
  • Moreover, I understood that it is essential for the community to undertake public awareness and instructional campaigns on the climate change issue and to certify individuals' engagement in programs and information access on the chosen issue. It is so since education can stimulate individuals to alter their outlooks and behaviors and help them make informed choices.

Innovative way to engage and enhance the capacity of the community to inspire and take action

The innovative means to involve and enhance the capacity of the community to encourage and take action for climate change issues can be harnessing the power of social media and other digital technologies. It is noteworthy that social media plays an important role in giving a voice to individuals who might find it difficult to be heard. It has been found that numerous non-for-profit companies have been prompt in harnessing the power of social media to subsequent their activist reasons (Boulianne et al., 2020), It is found further that ecological company Greenpeace utilizes social platforms to increase awareness of ecological problems entailing climate changes, and more. There was the use of channels like Instagram, Facebook, and others to exchange news and updates on their campaign, engage with followers, and inspire individuals to take action (She, 2022). Also, WWF (World Wildlife Fund) is another such charity that employs such channels as YouTube, and more (Rijal, 2020).

There is no doubt that channels like Facebook can bring forth individuals with a mutual devotion collectively, irrespective of where they live. It can assist in motivating and inspiring individuals to further their involvement by managing campaigns and demonstrations. The social platforms are deemed effective tools that can be used by activists to hold regimes to account for their practices or inactions, and wherever essential to illuminate dangerous forthcoming schedules or any likely misconduct. Virtual channels might enable information to spread, nurture discussions, and associate like-minded people. The native climate change applications, social media campaigns, and community assemblies might increase awareness and prepare communities for collaborative actions (Mavrodieva et al., 2019).

Another scholar stated that contemporary technologies like AI (artificial intelligence), data science, and IoT (Internet of Things) possess the strength to progress the community's understanding and competency to successfully address climate change. It is said that with the growing population, farmers might be required to yield more food which can be done using greener techniques. Present farming techniques utilize water at a threatening rate and lead to the degradation of soil. It has been found that the incorporation of IoT techniques like sensors inspires the community to gather information regarding soil moisture, and weather which can assist farmers to improve their production. Also, autonomous tractors might take care of seeding, and other things to lessen human labor time (Hossein Motlagh et al., 2020.

It is also found that AI (artificial intelligence) technology is deemed a technique to assist scientists in forming strong systems that sense and acquire from ecological situations and assist individuals in determining how to fulfill some goals. Besides, as the technologies become superiorly incorporated with one another, ML (machine learning) can assist scientists in making sense of entire data quantitatively to make successful adaptation policies (Kakani et al., 2020).


Boulianne, S., Lalancette, M., & Ilkiw, D. (2020). " School Strike 4 Climate": Social Media and the International Youth Protest on Climate Change. Media and Communication, 8(2), 208-218.

Hossein Motlagh, N., Mohammadrezaei, M., Hunt, J., & Zakeri, B. (2020). Internet of Things (IoT) and the energy sector. Energies, 13(2), 494.

Kakani, V., Nguyen, V. H., Kumar, B. P., Kim, H., & Pasupuleti, V. R. (2020). A critical review on computer vision and artificial intelligence in food industry. Journal of Agriculture and Food Research, 2, 100033.

Mavrodieva, A. V., Rachman, O. K., Harahap, V. B., & Shaw, R. (2019). Role of social media as a soft power tool in raising public awareness and engagement in addressing climate change. Climate, 7(10), 122.

Ridhosari, B., & Rahman, A. (2020). Carbon footprint assessment at Universitas Pertamina from the scope of electricity, transportation, and waste generation: toward a green campus and promotion of environmental sustainability. Journal of Cleaner Production, 246, 119172.

Rijal, N. K. (2020). The Role of Global Civil Society at the Local Level in Climate Change Mitigation: A Case Study of Earth Hour’s Activities in Malang. Global: Jurnal Politik Internasional, 22(2), 191-220.

Rousell, D., & Cutter-Mackenzie-Knowles, A. (2020). A systematic review of climate change education: Giving children and young people a 'voice and a 'hand in redressing climate change. Children's Geographies, 18(2), 191-208.

Scott, D., Steiger, R., Rutty, M., Pons, M., & Johnson, P. (2020). Climate change and ski tourism sustainability: An integrated model of the adaptive dynamics between ski area operations and skier demand. Sustainability, 12(24), 10617.

She, C. (2022, January). Social media dissemination of counter accounts and stakeholder support–evidence from Greenpeace's "Save the Arctic" campaign on Facebook. In Accounting Forum (pp. 1-26). Routledge.

Shrivastava, S. M., KoK, D., Dubey, S., Bakshi, S., Kumar, A., & Birendri, K. M. (2022). Sustainable Development: Significance, Challenges and Potential Solutions in The Context of Climate Change. NeuroQuantology, 20(17), 1887.

Wang, W., Zhao, X., Cao, J., Li, H., & Zhang, Q. (2020). Barriers and requirements to climate change adaptation of mountainous rural communities in developing countries: The case of the eastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau of China. Land Use Policy, 95, 104354.

Wang, W., Zhao, X., Cao, J., Li, H., & Zhang, Q. (2020). Barriers and requirements to climate change adaptation of mountainous rural communities in developing countries: The case of the eastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau of China. Land Use Policy, 95, 104354.

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